One of the largest national parks in northern India, Ranthambore National Park is located in the Sawai Madhopur district of Rajasthan, India. This former hunting reserve was reestablished as a part of Project Tiger in 1973. Ranthambore got the status of a national park in 1980. In 1984, the forests surrounding the national park were declared as Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Kaila Devi Sanctuary. The total area covered by Ranthambore National Park is 392 km2. The high tiger population inside the park is one of its major features. Many photographers and wildlife lovers visit this park to see tigers which are easily sighted during the day. Ranthambore Fort is also a major tourist attraction that has been the center of historical and cultural development through the course of time.
Ranthambore National Park is a perfect example of nature, wildlife and history's amalgamation. With typical dry deciduous forests and 539 species of flowering plants, Ranthambore National Park maintains a healthy natural habitat for the native wildlife. Tigers, Sambar deer, Indian wild boar, spotted deer and Hulman langur can be easily seen inside the park. This wildlife sanctuary also supports a thriving population of birds with 270 different species.
Sawai Mansingh Sanctuary
The Sawai Mansingh Sanctuary has a rich bio-diversity and houses many rare species of plants, birds and animals. The terrain of the park is flat and rocky different places because it is located at the merging point of Aravalli hills and Vindhyan hills.
Kaila Devi Wildlife Sanctuary serves as a buffer zone of Ranthambore National Park and is named after a famous temple dedicated to Kaila Devi. Banas River flows in the western side of the sanctuary and the south-eastern side is flanked by Chambal River. The wild animals seen in this region are chinkara, wild bore, jackal, leopard, sloth bear, hyena, wolves and sambhar.
Location of The Park :The Ranthambore park and reserve lies in the desert state of Rajasthan on the main DelhiMumbai railway line and is readily accessible from Jaipur (145km; 90 miles). Sawai Madhopur, the nearest railhead and gateway to the park, lies 11 km (7 miles) away..
Ranthambore National Park Climate: Summer.(April-June) temperatures rise to 40°C (104°F). Winter nights are cold (8°C; 46°F).
When to go? : The best time to go is in winter (December to February) and March/April. The park is closed during the monsoon period; it reopens on 1 October.
How to Reach: The nearest town is Sawai Madhopur, which has a good bus service with many connections.
Facilities at Ranthambore National Park : Madhopur has excellent resorts and eco-Iodges: Taj group-owned Sawai Madhopur Lodge (old hunting lodge of Maharaja of Jaipur); new Vanyavilas, super luxury tented resort owned by Oberoi Hotels. Rajasthan Tourism Development Corporation (RTDC) manages more basic and functional Hotel Kamadhenu and Castle Jhoomar Baori Forest Lodge.
Wildlife in Ranthambore National Park : Interesting array of fauna includes Tiger, Panther (Leopard), Hyena, deer, Sloth Bear, Wild Boar, and Jungle Cat. Prolific bird species. Ranger-led safaris in open-sided jeeps and Canters (20-seater, openroofed trucks); drives around picturesque reservoirs (good for photography).
Permits and Reservations for Ranthambore National Park : For information and accommodation, contact: Field Director, Rantharnbhore National Park and Tiger Reserve, Sawai Madhopur, Raiasthan-322001.BOOK NOW
After India got independence, the forest areas of Ranthambore were established as Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955. Ranthambore National Park was also one of the nine tiger reserves that were declared protected zones under the Project Tiger in 1973. In 1980, the Ranthambore tiger reserve was expanded by including the adjacent forest areas and was declared as Ranthambore National Park. Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Kaila Devi Sanctuary were created in the northeast and southern forests respectively in 1984 to serve as buffer zone for Ranthambore Park.
Ranthambore fort and temples of medieval period.
Northern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests
Main Species(Flora )
Dhok mixed with Khair, Raunj, Goya, Chhela, Pipal, Vad, Amaltas, Gurjan, Siris Saintha, Gular, Tendu
Main Species( Fauna)
Tiger, Leopard, Caracal, Ratel, Jungle Cat, Chital, Sambar, Blue Bull, Chinkara, Sloth Bear, Wild Boar, Jackal, Hyena, Common Langur, Common fox